Sinus Infection (Sinusitis): Symptoms, Causes, and TreatmentApr 01, 2021
Sinus infection or also known as sinusitis is a very common infection. Statistics show that the infection affects over 30 million Americans every year. The condition affects the nasal passages and sinuses, making them inflamed. Sinuses are tiny air pockets in our cheekbones, nose, behind the forehead, and between our eyes. They produce mucus to protect our bodies by trapping germs and moving them away.
However, bacteria and allergens can stimulate the formation of too much mucus, blocking the opening of the sinuses. Mucus buildup can become too thick, which can encourage germs to buildup in the sinus cavity, leading to an infection.
In most cases, sinus infections are viral and often mild. It doesn’t require any treatment, and it goes away after a few days. However, it might take longer, especially if it is a bacterial infection. If the symptoms don’t improve within a week or so, visit an urgent care near you for diagnosis and treatment.
Types of Sinus Infection
There are two types of sinusitis. They are:
Acute sinusitis lasts for a few days or weeks. In most cases, it does not exceed two weeks if it is a viral infection. A bacterial infection, on the other hand, can last for up to four weeks. The infection is often caused by the common cold, but it can also be a result of seasonal allergies.
Typically, subacute sinusitis is a result of bacterial infections, and it can last for up to three months. Seasonal allergies can also cause this infection.
Chronic sinusitis is often less severe, but it lasts the longest. Typically, it lasts for more than three months. In most cases, it is caused by bacterial infections. It is worth noting that chronic sinusitis often affects people with nasal structural problems and stubborn allergies.
Sinus infection affects people of all ages and gender. However, there are some people who are at a higher risk than others. Factors increasing the risk for sinus infection include:
- A history of allergies
- Being in contact with mold
- Weak immune system
- Nasal bone spur
- Dental infection
- Deviated nasal septum
- Airplane travel
Symptoms of Sinusitis
Sinus infection symptoms are pretty much the same as common cold symptoms. They often include:
- Headaches caused by sinus pressure
- Decreased sense of smell
- Feeling too tired
Since the symptoms are similar to the common cold’s, most parents find it difficult to identify if their kid is suffering from a sinus infection or common cold. The best way to know the real problem is to visit a walk-in clinic in Katy for diagnosis.
The doctor will differentiate the two and provide the proper treatment. Children don’t have a strong immune system as adults, so they may need treatment to eliminate the infection. We are here for you if you are looking for urgent care in Katy, TX.
Sinus Infection Diagnoses
Typically, the doctor can diagnose sinus infection from your symptoms and a physical exam. However, he may have to use imaging tests for chronic infection. Imaging tests can easily reveal any abnormalities and mucus blockages. CT and MRI scans are the most common imaging tests done for this infection. Sometimes, the doctor may take a blood test to check for diseases that may be weakening your immune system, for example, HIV/AIDS.
There are several sinus infection treatment options, and the most appropriate will depend on your condition. These treatments include:
Sinus infection can cause headaches. Taking pain medications such as ibuprofen and aspirin can help with headaches.
If the symptoms don’t improve within two weeks, the probability is it is a bacterial infection. Visit your doctor for diagnoses.He may recommend antibiotic therapy. He will provide you with antibiotics that you should take for three to fifteen days, depending on the infection. Don’t stop taking the medication as directed, even if the symptoms improve before you finish the dosage.
Although rarely, surgery may have to be conducted to remove polyps or repair a deviated septum. Surgery is only considered for chronic cases.
- Wash your hands with soap regularly.
- Get a flu vaccine
- Eat vegetables and fruits in plenty.
- Avoid getting exposed to smoke, chemicals, and pollens.
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